Map | A virtual journey across time and space

Whatever our own cultural background, there are amazing discoveries to be made, for India’s youth just as for scholars and visitors from all over the world!

Learn more about – and from – some of India’s tribal communities by

  1. clicking on the button seen in the top left corner of the interactive map
  2. clicking on any marker in the map
  3. following the links seen there and below

Gondi-Harappan link (2500 B.C.–1750 BC)

Hampi – Karnataka
Possibly “a revolutionary find” that links the adivasi Gond tribe to the Indus Valley civilisation, which flourished between 2500 B.C. and 1750 BC. Eleven of the Hampi pictographs resemble those of the civilisation, according to Dr. K.M. Metry, Head and Dean, Social Sciences, Kannada University, Hampi; Dr. Motiravan Kangali, a linguist and expert in Gondi language and culture from Nagpur, Maharashtra; and his associate Prakash Salame, also an expert in Gondi.If the discovery stands the scrutiny of experts in the field, it would mean that the Gonds living in central and southern India could have migrated from the Indus Valley civilisation. | Learn more:

Paleolithic cultures

Pallavaram – Tamil Nadu
The Kurumbars’ role in South India’s Paleolithic culture: Epigraphical records on Chennai’s ancient history – Tamil Nadu | Learn more:


Hastinapur (Delhi) & Bihar
The forest was never far away from habitation. For instance, excavations of the settlements at Atranjikhera and Hastinapur, which are not too far from Delhi, have yielded evidence of a large variety of forest trees.” The Buddhist Canon states that aside from the village and its outskirts, the rest of the land is jungle.” Even as late as the seventh century A.D., the Chinese Buddhist monk Hsuan Tsang writes of forests close to Kausambi, as also of the extensively forested areas in the vicinity of Kapilavastu and Kusinagara in the terai and north Bihar.” Travelling from one town to another meant going through a forest. Therefore, when in exile, the forest was not a physically distant place, although distant in concept. | Learn more:

Moving on

Sind & Punjab
The nomadic Romany (gypsy) tribe: Credited with amazing contributions to the music and dance of many countries from antiquity to the present – Sind & Punjab | Learn more:


Located on the uplands of Deccan plateau, Telangana is the link between the North and South of India. It is thus no surprise that the region on the whole came to be known for its Ganga-Jamuna Tehzeeb and the capital Hyderabad as a ‘miniature India!’ | Learn more: Banjara and Dokra: Tribal craftmanship in a state that exemplifies “India’s composite culture, pluralism and inclusiveness” – Telangana


The Role of Adivasis in the Freedom Movement
Adivasi uprisings in the Jharkhand belt were quelled by the British through massive deployment of troops across the region. The Kherwar uprising and the Birsa Munda movement were the most important struggles in late-18th century against British rule and their local agents. […] In 1914, Jatra Oraon started the Tana Movement, which drew the participation of over 25,500 Adivasis. The Tana movement joined the [Gandhian] nation-wide Satyagraha Movement (the non-violent movement for independence) in 1920 and stopped the payment of land-taxes to the colonial Government. | Learn more here: Indigenous Knowledge: “The country can learn much from the beauty of Adivasi social practices, their culture of sharing and respect for all”


Western Ghats – Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala & Tamil Nadu
Sacred groves foster a sense of togetherness and harmony: Protecting nature in and beyond India’s tribal communities | Learn more:

Fashion for all of India – and the world!

Toda, Naga, Rabari and Banjara costumes figure in internationally acclaimed collection royal and ancient costumes – Gujarat | Learn more:

The future

Khasi, Garo and Jaintia communities are “models for sustainability in the future”: Report and recommendations on ways to counter deforestation – Meghalaya | Learn more:


To learn more about any of the tribal communities or topics mentioned above, do one of the following:

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