Jawaharlal Nehru [1889–1964, first Prime Minister of India] formulated the following five principles for the policy to be pursued vis-a-vis the tribals:
(1) People should develop along the lines of their own genius, and the imposition of alien values should be avoided.
(2) TribaI rights in land and forest should be respected.
(3) Teams of tribals should be trained in the work of administration and development.
(4) TribaI areas should not be overadministered or overwhelmed with a multiplicity of schemes.
(5) Results should be judged not by statistics or the amount of money spent, but by the human character that is evolved.
Jawaharlal Nehru, ‘The Right Approach to Tribal People’, Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. XIV, 1953-4, pp. 231-5.
––‘Tribal Folk’, in The Adivasis, Delhi, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, 1955, pp. 1-8.
Report of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes Commission 1960-1961 (Chairman U.N Dhebar), New Delhi, Manager of Publications, Vols. I and II, 1961.
Source: Jawaharlal Nehru quoted by Christoph von Fürer-Haimendorf in India and Ceylon: Unity and Diversity. A Symposium. Edited by Philip Mason, Director, Institute of Race Relations, London. Published for the Institute of Race Relations. Oxford University Press, London 1967.
For books by the above author(s) published in India, use the search window seen below:
Publications on the above issues may be found here (title descriptions and libraries):
Research the above issues with the help of Shodhganga: A reservoir of theses from universities all over India, made available under Open Access >>
- A constitution which guarantees: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen”
- Colonial policies
- Constitution and Supreme Court
- Education and literacy
- Gandhian social movement
- Jaipal Singh Munda
- Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)
- Rights of Indigenous Peoples
- Romila Thapar
- Tagore and rural culture
- “Time now to undo the historical injustice” in accordance with the United Nations’ Rights of Indigenous Peoples: New column by Adivasi publicist Ruby Hembrom – The New Indian Express